Sign Up

After creating an account, you'll be able to track your payment status, track the confirmation.
Confirm Password*
First Name*
Last Name*
Contact Address
* Creating an account means you're okay with our Terms of Service and Privacy Statement.
Please agree to all the terms and conditions before proceeding to the next step

Already a member?


Scientific References

References for the Malayan Giant Turtle, Orlitia borneensis


General information

Restorasi Ekosistem Riau. Turtles of the Kampar Peninsula. Proceedings of Restorasi Ekosistem Riau March 2021, RER Publication Series No. 6, pp. 7,12,14,20,47,48.

Mohd Hairul Mohd Salleh, Yuzine Esa, Sarahaizad Mohd Salleh and Shahrul Anuar Mohd Sah. Turtles in Malaysia. Review of Conservation Status and a Call for Research. Animals 2022, 12, 2184 at https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12172184

Rick Hudson and Kurt Buhlmann. Turtle Rescue – Turtle Survival Alliance Executive Summary. Article in Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter, Issue 6 (2002), pp. 13.

Brian D. Horne, Andrew D. Walde, Collin M. Poole (2022). Setting Priorities for Conservation of Asia’s Tortoise and Freshwater Turtles: A Ten-Year Update. Report of IUCN-ASAP at https://www.speciesonthebrink.org/about-us/reports/, pp. 20.

Thomas Brockmann, Michael Hoffmann, Eva Ziemssen. Field report on the keeping and German first breeding of the Borneo River Turtle (Orlitita borneensis Gray, 1873. Report of Dresden Zoo Germany Zool. Garden N.F. (822013) 8 – 25 at http://journals.elsevier.de/zooga

Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. Iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur Georges, H. Bradley Shaffer, Peter Paul van Dijk. Turtles Of The World. Publication of the Chelonian Research Foundation and Turtle Conservancy: Annotated checklist and atlas (9th Ed.) – (2021)


Anatomy and Morphology 

Tony Febri Qurniawan, Dina Rusiana, dan Abdul Rachman. Analisis Variasi Bentuk Karapaks Kuya Batok (Cuora amboinensis Daudin, 1802) dan Bajuku (Orlitia borneensis Gray, 1873) dengan Metode Elliptic Fourier Descriptors. Proceeding of Laboratorium Anatomi Hewan, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada (2011).

Kendrick, R.C. & Ades, G.W.J. Turtle Plastron Study Report. Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden Publication Series: No 5 (2009), pp. 4,6,7,9,14.

Donan Satria Yudha, Fidelis Aritona Triki Sadewa, Rury Eprilurahman. Characteristics of Shell Bone as an Identification Tool for Turtle Species (Reptiles: Testudines) in Java, Borneo, and Sumatra. Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology Volume 05, Issue 01 (2020): 35 — 43

Roger C. Kendrick  and Gary W.J. Ades. Taxonomic and Morphometric Analysis of a Trade Confiscation of Turtle Shells from Java, Indonesia. Article in TurtleLog Online Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group · September 2009 at https://iucn-tftsg.org/turtlelog_online_newsletter/

Erick SETIYABUDI, Akio TAKAHASHI, and Yosuke KAIFU. First Certain Fossil Record of Orlitia borneensis (Testudines: Geoemydidae) from the Pleistocene of Central Java, Indonesia. Proceedings of The Herpetological Society of Japan, Current Herpetology 35(2): 75–82, August 2016.


Veterinary medicine 

Z. KNOTKOVA, S. MAZANEK, M. HOVORKA, M. SLOBODA, Z. KNOTEK. Haematology and plasma chemistry of Bornean River Turtles suffering from shell necrosis and haemogregarine parasites. Case Report of Vet. Med. – Czech, 50, 2005 (9): 421–426 (2005).

Barrak M. Pressler, D.V.M., Robert A. Goodman, D.V.M., Craig A. Harms, D.V.M., Ph.D., Dipl. A.C.Z.M., Eleanor C. Hawkins, D.V.M., Dipl. A.C.V.I.M., and Greg A. Lewbart, M.S., V.M.D., Dipl. A.C.Z.M.
Endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus and stomach in three Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) and a Malaysian Giant Turtle (Orlitia borneensis) Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 34(1): 88–92, (2003)


Molecular and Genetics

Mohd Hairul Mohd Salleha,b, Yuzine Esaa,c, Nur Amalina Mohd Izamd, Amir Asyraf Zainudina, Khairul Azhar Romlia, Wan Nur Fatin Syafiqah Wan Nawanga, Athirah Mohd Bakria, Nor Jasmin Hussine, Siti Amalia Aisyah Abdul Halima. The First Mitochondrial Control Region Dataset: Critically Endangered Freshwater Turtles in Malaysia, Orlitia borneensis and Batagur borneoensis. Malaysian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Vol. 19 (2023) 679-684.


Community-based approach 

A Mardiastuti, B Masy’ud, L N Ginoga, H Sastranegara and Sutopo. Traditional uses of herpetofauna practiced by local people in the island of Sumatra, Indonesia: Implications for conservation. Publishing of the Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 762 (2021).

Dwi A. Rahayu1, Reni Ambarwati, Ulfi Faizah, Firas Khaleyla, Endik D. Nugroho, Hartono, Agung Kurniawan. Knowledge and Perception of Paser Local Community in East Kalimantan on Critically Endangered River Biuku/Beluku (Batagur borneoensis) Conservation. Proceedings of Advances in Engineering Research, volume 209 International Joint Conference on Science and Engineering (2021).


Illegal Trade Incidence 

N A Mutiaradita, M D Kusrini, and A Mardiastuti. Herpetofauna trade via e-commerce in Indonesia. Proceedings of Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Indonesia.



Miscellaneous information

Matthew Mo. Only in Captivity? An Interaction between Two Threatened Chelonians, an Asian Giant Tortoise (Manouria emys) and a Malaysian Giant Turtle (Orlitia borneensis). Journal of IRCF REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS • 27(1):89–90 • APR 2020 at WWW.IRCF.ORG/REPTILESANDAMPHIBIANSJOURNAL

Craig B. Stanford, Anders G.J. Rhodin, Peter Paul van Dijk, Brian D. Horne, Torsten Blanck, Eric V. Goode, Rick Hudson, Russell A. Mittermeier, Andrea Currylow, Carla Eisemberg, Matthew Frankel, Arthur Georges, Paul M. Gibbons, James O. Juvik, Gerald Kuchling, Luca Luiselli, Shi Haitao, Shailendra Singh, and Andrew Walde. TURTLES IN TROUBLE THE WORLD’S 25+ MOST ENDANGERED TORTOISES AND FRESHWATER TURTLES. Presented by the Turtle Conservation Coalition, pp. 8,42 (2018).

JAMES B. MURPHY. Conservation Initiatives and Studies on Tortoises, Turtles, and Terrapins Mostly in Zoos and Aquariums. Part II— Suborder Pleurodira, Suborder Cryptodira, Sea Turtles. Herpetological Review, 47(3), 501–512 (2016).



Tojeiro volunteered at WRC in 2018 and instantly fell in love. He decided to leave his job in the Netherlands to work alongside our keepers, managing projects and making sure all the animals get the best care possible. During the relocation period, Tojeiro studied animal health management to increase his capacity in the field of animal welfare.